Resilient, human-centric and sustainable: this is the industry of the future according to the paradigms of Industry 5.0.
But let’s take a step back: today we are experiencing the Industry 4.0 era, characterized by digitalization, automation, and interconnected production processes. The industry has seen the emergence, evolution, and affirmation of technologies such as cloud computing, the Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence (AI), robotics, etc.
According to the European Commission, the Fourth Industrial Revolution has focused mainly on digitalizing processes and utilizing new technologies, transforming the society in which we live as well as the industrial processes that characterize it, starting with AI; however, there has been no focus on the role of workers and sustainable development models. For this reason, one of the risks that Industry 4.0 brings with it is that complete digitalization could replace the human workforce with machines, with consequent critical employment issues.
Industry 5.0 is meant to be an acknowledgement of how the technologies applied in production models must be put at the service of humans and society to design a future that focuses on sustainability and resilience, on a human-centric approach to enable human–machine collaboration.